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Book of the dead chapter 125

book of the dead chapter 125

to upright behavior which a deceased Egyptian had to make in the so-called „ Negative Confessions" in chapter of the Book of the Dead was „I have not. book of the dead chapter The book of the dead: the Papyrus Ani in the British Museum ; the Egyptian text with interlinear transliteration and translation. The deities who appear here in the entourage of Osiris are also encountered with him in the vignette to Chapter of the Book of the Dead that deals with the.

The part of it that was nearest to Egypt was regarded as a description of mingled desert and forest, through which the soul of the deceased might not hope to struggle unless guided by some benevolent spirit who knew the paths through this country of despair.

Thick darkness covered everything, and under the veil of this, the hideous inhabitants of the place practised all. But there was one delectable part in this horrid region--the Sekhet Hetepet, the Elysian fields which contained the Sekhet Aaru, or the Field of Reeds, where dwelt the god Osiris and his company.

At first he had domain over this part of the Duat alone, but gradually he succeeded in extending it over the entire country of the dead, of which he was monarch.

We find also a god of the Duat named Duati, but who appears to have been more a personification of the region than anything else.

Now the wish of all good men was to win to the kingdom of Osiris, and to that end they made an exhaustive study of the prayers and ritual of the Book of the Dead , in order that they might the more easily penetrate to the region of bliss.

This they might reach by two ways--by land and by water. The path by water was no whit less dreadful than that by land, the passage of the soul being barred by streams of fire and boiling water, and the banks of the rivers navigated were populous with evil spirits.

A hymn of praise to Ra when he riseth upon the horizon, and when he getteth in the land of life. Osiris, the scribe Ani saith:. Thou goest forth to thy setting in the Sektet boat with--fair--winds, and thy heart is glad; the heart of the Mater boat rejoiceith.

Thou stridest over the heavens in peace, and all thy foes are cast down; the never-resting stars sing hymns of praise unto thee, and the stars which rest, and the stars which never fail glorify thee as thou sinkest to rest in the horizon of Manu, O thou who art beautiful at morn and at eve, O thou lord who livest and art established, O my lord!

Tem when thou settest--in--beauty. Thou risest and shinest on the back of thy mother--Nut,--O thou who art crowned king of the gods! Nut doeth homage unto thee, and everlasting and.

Thou stridest over the heaven, being glad of heart, and the Lake of Testes is content--thereat The Sebau Fiend hath fallen to the ground; his arms and his hands have been hacked off, and the knife hath severed the joints of his body.

Ra hath a fair wind; the Sektet boat goeth forth and sailing along it cometh into port. The gods of the south and of the north, of the west and of the east, praise thee, O thou divine substance, from whom all forms of life come into being.

Thou sendest forth the word, and the earth is flooded with silence, O thou only One, who didst dwell in heaven before ever the earth and the mountains came into existence.

O runner, O Lord, O only One, thou maker of things which are, thou hast fashioned the tongue of the company of the gods, thou hast produced whatsoever cometh forth from the waters, and thou springest up from them over the flooded land of the Lake of Horus.

Let me snuff the air which cometh forth from thy nostrils, and the nostrils, and the north wind which cometh forth from thy mother--Nut O, make thou to be glorious my shining form--khu--, O Osiris, make thou to be divine my soul--ba--!

Shine thou with the rays of light upon my body day by day,--upon me--, Osiris the scribe, the teller of the divine offerings of all the gods, the overseer of the granary of the lords of Abtu-Abydos--, the royal scribe in truth who loveth thee; Ani, victorious in peace.

Isis embraceth thee in peace, and she driveth away the fiends from the mouth of thy path. Thou turnest thy face upon Amentet, and thou makest the earth to shine as with refined copper.

Those who have lain down, i. In one of the tombs of the New Stone Age was found a flint instrument which, as we know from inscriptions of the dynastic period, was used in performing the ceremony of "opening the mouth" of the dead, a fact that proves that even in the Old Stone Age a ceremony was performed on the dead body with the purpose of assisting the soul, or spirit, to acquire the faculties and powers needed by it in the other world.

In this ceremony the flint instrument was thrust between the teeth of the dead man, and when these were separated his spirit form was believed.

Moreover, may Thoth, being filled and furnished with charms, come And loose the bandages, even the bandages of Set which fetter my mouth; and may the god.

May my mouth be opened, may my mouth be unclosed by Shu with his iron knife wherewith he opened the mouths of the gods. I am the goddess Sekhet, and I sit upon --my--place in the great wind?

I am the great goddess Sah who dwelleth among the Souls of Annu--Heliopolis Now as concerning every charm and all the words which may be spoken against me, may the gods resist them, and may each and every one of the company of the gods withstand them.

The Osiris Ani, triumphant, saith:. Grant thou that my soul may come unto me from wheresoever it may be. If--it--would tarry, let then my soul be brought unto me from wherever it may be, for thou shalt find the Eye of Horns standing by thee like unto those beings who are like unto Osiris, and who.

Let not the Osiris Ani, triumphant, lie down in death among those who lie down in Annu, the land wherein souls are joined unto their bodies even in thousands.

Let me have possession of my ba--soul--, and of my khu, and let me triumph therewith in every place wheresoever it may be.

And behold, grant ye that the soul of Osiris Ani, triumphant, may come forth before the gods and that it may be triumphant along with you in the eastern part of the sky to follow unto the place where it was yesterday;--and that it may have May it look upon its material body, may it rest upon its spiritual body; and may its body neither perish nor suffer corruption forever.

These words are to be said over a soul of gold inlaid with precious stones and placed on the breast of Osiris.

The chapter of driving evil recollections from the mouth. The overseer of the palace, the chancellor-in-chief, Nu, triumphant, the son of the overseer of the palace, the chancellor-in-chief, Amen-hetep, triumphant, saith:.

Go thou round about on thy legs, and let thy face be--turned--behind thee so that thou mayest be able to see the divine slaughterers of the god Shu who are coming up behind thee to cut off thy head, and to slit thy brow.

Work thou for me so that the memory of evil things shall dart from my mouth; let not my head be cut off; let not my brow be slit; and let not my mouth be shut fast by reason of the incantations which thou hast within thee, according to that which thou doest for the Khus through the incantations which they have within themselves.

Get thee back and depart at the--sound of--the two speeches which the goddess Isis uttered when thou didst come to cast the recollection of evil things unto the.

And Osiris went back, for the abomination of thee was in him; and thou didst go back, for the abomination of him is in thee. I have gone back, for the abomination of thee is in me; and thou shalt go back, for the abomination of me is in thee.

The chapter of not letting the soul of Nu, triumphant, be captive in the underworld. O thou mighty one of Souls, thou divine Soul, thou possessor of terrible power, who dost put the fear of thyself into the gods, thou who art crowned upon thy throne of majesty, I pray thee to make a way for the ba--soul--, and for the khu, and the khaibit--shade--of the overseer of the palace, the chancellor-in-chief, Nu, triumphant--and let him be--provided therewith.

I am a perfect khu, and I have made--my--way unto the place wherein dwell Ra and Hathor. If this chapter be known--by the deceased--he shall be able to transform himself into a khu provided--with his soul and with his shade--in the underworld, and he shall never be held captive at any door in Amentet, in entering in or in coming out.

The chapter of opening the tomb of the soul--and--to the shade of Osiris the scribe Nebseni, the lord of reverence, born of the lady of the house, Mut-restha, triumphant, so that he may come forth by day and have dominion over his fleet.

That which was open hath been shut to my soul through the command of the Eye of Horus, which hath strengthened me and which maketh to stand fast the beauties which are upon the forehead of Ra, whose strides are long as--he--lifteth up--his--legs--in journeying I have made for myself a way, my members are mighty and are strong.

I am Horus the avenger of his divine father. I am he who bringeth along his divine father, and who bringeth along his mother by means of his sceptre?

Grant that the eye of Horus, which maketh the. Oh, keep not captive my soul, Oh, keep not ward over my shade, but let a way be opened for my soul--and--and for my shade, and let--them--see the Great God in the shrine on the day of the judgment of souls, and let--them--recite the utterances of Osiris, whose habitations are hidden, to those who guard the members of Osiris, and who keep ward over the Khus, and who hold captive the shades of the dead who would work evil against me, so that they shall--not--work evil against me.

May a way for thy double--Ka--along with thee and along with--thy--soul be prepared by those who keep ward over the members of Osiris, and who bold captive the shades of the dead.

Heaven shall--not--keep thee, the earth shall--not--hold thee captive, thou shalt not have they being with the divine beings who make slaughter, but thou shalt have dominion over thy legs, and thou shalt advance to thy body straightway in the earth--and to--those who belong to the shrine and guard the members of Osiris.

The chapter of not sailing to the east in the underworld. The chancellor-in-chief, Nu, triumphant, saith:. I am stronger than the strong, I am mightier than the mighty.

If I sail away or if I be snatched away to the east through the two horns," or--as others say--"if any evil and abominable thing be done unto me at the feast of the devils, the phallus of Ra shall be swallowed up,--along with--the head of Osiris.

And behold me, for I journey along over the fields wherein the gods mow down those who make reply unto--their words--; now verily the two horns of the god Khepera shall be thrust aside, and verily pus shall spring into being in the eye of Tem along with corruption if I be kept in restraint, or if I have gone toward the east, or if the feast of devils be made in my presence, or if any malignant wound be inflicted upon me.

The chapter of being nigh unto Thoth and of giving glory unto a man in the underworld. The following--words are to be recited in the Sektet boat: I am the divine father Bah--i.

Behold ye me, then, O great gods of majesty who dwell among the Souls of Annu, for I am lifted up over you.

I am the god Menkh--i. Verily I have cleansed my soul, O great god of majesty, set not before me the evil obstacles which issue from thy mouth, and let not destruction come round about me, or upon me.

I have made myself clean in the Lake of making to be at peace,--and in the Lake of--weighing in the balance, and I have bathed myself in Netert-utchat, which is under the holy sycamore tree of heaven.

Behold--I am--bathed,--and I have--triumphed--over--all--mine enemies--straightway who come forth and rise up against right and truth.

I am right and true in earth. I, even I, have spoken? Let not injury be inflicted upon me,--but let me be--clothed on the day of those who go forward?

I have stood up over thee when thou didst rise like a god. I have seen thee, and I have not lain down in death; I have stood over thee, and I have risen like a god.

I have cackled like a goose, and I have alighted like a hawk by the divine clouds and by the great dew. I have journeyed from the earth to heaven.

The god Shu--made--me to stand up, the god of Light hath made me to be vigorous by the two sides of the ladder, and the stars which never rest set--me--on--my--way and bring--me--away from slaughter.

I bring along with me the things which drive back calamities as I advance over the passage of the god Pen; thou comest, how great art thou, O god Pen!

I have come from the Pool of Flame which is in. Hail, thou god Kaa, who dost bring those things which are in the boats by the.

I stand up in the boat and I guide myself--over--the water: I have stood up in the boat and the god hath guided me. I have stood up.

I sail round about as I go forward, and the gates which are in Sekhem--Letopolis--are opened unto me, and fields are awarded unto me in the city of Unni--Hermopolis--, and laborers?

The chapter of protecting the boat of Ra. Hail, Ra, in thy name of Ra, if thou dost pass by those who are overturned in death, then verily do thou make the Osiris, Nu, triumphant, the perfect soul, to stand up upon his feet, and may thy strength be his strength.

Hail, Ra, in thy name of Ra, if the hidden things of the underworld are opened unto thee and thou dost gratify? Thy members, O Ra, are established by--this--Chapter?

There is a page with transliteration and translation on this site for the main sections A , B and C. Different parts of this have been called Chapters A and B.

There is a page with transliteration and translation on this site for part of the full chapter. There is a longer version in New Kingdom manuscripts, for the ritual of the four torches, with performance instructions.

This has been called A, and a short formula in the papyrus of Nebseny Eighteenth Dynasty has been called B, see Allen , Another version has been called Chapter B, see Allen Formula for preventing the body of a man to perish in the underworld.

Formula for mooring, preventing its injury, strengthening the body, swallowing their flood. Titles follow Allen , In this way, the deceased had with him everything he needed to face his journey in the underworld.

Later, all these prayers, spells, and beliefs were collected and written on papyrus , forming books. The books were left in the tomb to help the deceased.

Thanks to this custom, some of them have come down to us and we can read them and know the Egyptian beliefs. Many of the books that exist today are incomplete.

It contains many chapters and a large number of drawings that explain step-by-step what happens to the soul when it leaves the body.

It is a very large papyrus. Unrolled, it measures more than 26 meters! We do not know much about its owner, Ani.

In the introduction of the book, we can read that Ani was a Scribe, Governor and Administrator. He was married to a Priestess.

Surely, he had to be a person of high rank to be able to afford a Book of the Dead so complete and so beautiful. When the Egyptologists speak of the Book of the Dead , translate the Egyptian word ro as chapter, paragraph, but also spell , because ro is an ambiguous word.

For this reason, it is frequent to refer to each of the parts of the Book of the Dead with the word spell. From now on, we will use this word in this sense.

The most famous spell of the Book of the Dead is It explains how the deceased has to declare his innocence before the court of the gods and how, afterwards, the gods will weigh his heart.

In front of a court composed of 42 gods, the deceased has to declare his innocence. To do this, he must use the ritual formulas that appear in the book.

They are all negative formulas, that is, the deceased must declare that he has not done these actions.

Others of the formulas are very specific and detailed: I have not stopped the flow of water in its seasons , I have not built a dam against flowing water , I have not quenched a fire in its time.

Others closely resemble the Christian Commandments I have not stolen , I have not lied. After the declaration of innocence comes the most important part, the Osiris judgment or the weighing of the heart.

Anubis god of mummification and afterlife takes a scale. The heart of a pure man is lighter than a feather. If the deceased passes the test, he goes to Heaven, with the other gods.

If his heart was heavy for sins or remorse , his soul was devoured and everything was over for him. In this lesson we have seen the Egyptian Book of the Dead , a fundamental work in order to understand Egyptian culture.

The formulas and spells that form the set of Egyptian beliefs on the afterlife were written first in the pyramids and then in the sarcophagi.

Later, they were collected on papyri and so the Book of the Dead came down to us. One of the most important spells is In this, appear the formulas that the deceased has to use to declare his innocence in front of the court of the 42 gods.

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You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. I am the god who is the Bull, the lord of the gods, as he goeth forth from the turquoise--sky O divine nome of wheat and barley, I have come into thee, I have come forward to thee and I have taken up that which followeth me, namely the best of the libations of the company of the gods. September um The World of the Orient. Darstellungen der Totenrichter finden sich häufig auf Vignetten des Diese Texte werden, obwohl oftmals identisch mit den Pyramidentexten, als Sargtexte bezeichnet. May a way for thy double--Ka--along with thee and along with--thy--soul be prepared by those who keep ward over the members of Osiris, and who bold captive the shades of the dead. Explore over 4, video courses. High School Glencoe U. Spruch F nach Saleh. If this chapter be known--by the deceased--he shall be able to transform himself into a khu provided--with his soul and with his shade--in the underworld, and he shall never be held captive at any door in Amentet, in entering in or in coming out. The chapter of opening the tomb of the soul--and--to the shade of Osiris the scribe Nebseni, the lord of reverence, born of the lady of the house, Mut-restha, triumphant, so that he may come forth by day and have dominion over his fleet. The Texts of the Pyramids. I am stronger than the strong, I am mightier than the mighty. Spruch A nach Saleh.

Book of the dead chapter 125 - apologise

Die Jahreszahlen sind rein illustrativ. Cancel before and your credit card will not be charged. My mouth is strong; and I am equipped--with weapons to use--against the Khus; let them not have dominion over me. When--he--setteth in life like crystal he performeth everything therein, and these things are like unto the things which are done in the Lake of double Fire, wherein there is none that rejoiceth, and wherein are all manner of evil things. Möglicherweise unterliegen die Inhalte jeweils zusätzlichen Bedingungen. And behold me, for I journey along over the fields wherein the gods mow down those who make reply unto--their words--; now verily the two horns of the god Khepera shall be thrust aside, and verily pus shall spring into being in the eye of Tem along with corruption if I be kept in restraint, or if I have gone toward the east, or if the feast of devils be made in my presence, or if any malignant wound be inflicted upon me. May I gain the mastery over the great and mighty casino dealer online hiring which is in my body in this my place, and by it I will remember and I will forget. I am the goddess Sekhet, and I fc bayern münchen hoffenheim upon --my--place in star vegas resort & casino great wind? I, even I, know though ye knoweth it not. Let me go forward in my journey, deutschland frankreich freundschaftsspiel let me plough. If this amulet be laid upon his neck he shall do everything which he desireth to do even like the gods; and he shall join himself unto the followers of Horus; and he shall be established as a star face to face with Septet--Sothis--; and his corruptible. The chapter of protecting the online spiele für kinder kostenlos of Ra. I have made a computation of what is in the city of Sekhem, I have stretched out both my hands and arms at the word?

Book Of The Dead Chapter 125 Video

The Ten Commandments DIDN'T Come from the Egyptian Book of the Dead

It is indeed well that you should hear! Get back, you dangerous one! The sky encloses the stars, magic encloses its settlements, and my mouth encloses the magic which is in it.

My teeth are a knife, my tusks are the Viper Mountain. Get back, you crocodile of the West! The nau -snake is in my belly, and I have not given myself to you, your flame will not be on me.

My hair is Nu ; my face is Ra ; my eyes are Hathor ; my ears are Wepwawet ; my nose is She who presides over her lotus leaf; my lips are Anubis ; my molars are Selkis ; my incisors are Isis the goddess; my arms are the Ram, the Lord of mendes; my breast is Neith , Lady of Sais; my back is Seth ; my phallus is Osiris ; my muscles are the Lords of Kheraha; my chest is he who is greatly majestic; my belly and my spine are Sekhmet ; my buttocks are the Eye of Horus ; my thighs and my calves are Nut ; my feet are Ptah ; my toes are living falcons; there is no member of mine devoid of a god, and Thoth is the protection of all my flesh.

I have guarded this egg of the Great Cackler. If it grows, I grow; if it lives, I life; if it breathes air, I breathe air. May I have power in my heart, may I have power in my arms, may I have power in my legs, may I have power in my mouth, may I have power in all my members may I have power over invocation-offerings, may I have power over water Come for my soul, O you wardens of the sky!

If you delay letting my soul see my corpse, you will find the eye of Horus standing up thus against you The sacred barque will be joyful and the great god will proceed in peace when you allow this soul of mine to ascend vindicated to the gods May it see my corpse, may it rest on my mummy, which will never be destroyed or perish.

To be spoken over a falcon standing with the White Crown on his head; Atum , Shu and Tefnut , Geb and Nut , Osiris and Isis , Seth and Nepthys being drawn in ochre on a new bowl placed in the sacred barque, together with an image of this spirit ba whom you wish to be made worthy, it being anointed with oil.

Offer to them incense on the fire and roasted ducks, and worship Ra. It means that he for whom this is done will voyage and be with Ra every day in every place he desires to travel, and it means that the enemies of Ra will be driven off in very deed.

A matter a million times true. O you gates, you who keep the gates because of Osiris, O you who guard them and who report the affairs of the Two Lands to Osiris every day; I know you and I know your names.

If uttered correctly, this spell ensures "he will not be driven off or turned away at the portals of the Netherworld". Journey through the afterlife.

British Museum Press, London, From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article relies largely or entirely on a single source. He had now become the god of the dead par excellence , and his dogma taught that from the preserved corpse would spring a beautiful astral body, the future home of the spirit of the deceased.

It therefore became necessary to adopt measures of the greatest precaution for the preservation of human remains. Indeed, from internal evidence it is possible to show that many of these were revised or edited long before the copies known to us were made.

Even at as early a date as B. A hieratic inscription upon the sarcophagus of Queen Khnem-nefert, wife of Mentu-hetep, a king of the eleventh dynasty, c.

This sarcophagus affords us two copies of the said chapter, one immediately following the other. That as early as B.

Thus thirty-four centuries ago a portion of the Book of the Dead was regarded as extremely ancient, mysterious, and difficult of comprehension. It will be noted also that the inscription on the tomb of Queen Khnem-nefert bears out that the chapter in question was "discovered" about B.

If it were merely discovered at that early era, what periods of remoteness lie between that epoch and the time when it was first reduced to writing?

The description of the chapter on the sarcophagus of. It also appears from the Turin Papyrus, which dates from the period of the twenty-sixth dynasty, that the name of the finder was Heru-ta-ta-f, the son of Cheops, who was at the time engaged in a tour of inspection of the temples.

Sir Gaston Maspero is doubtful concerning the importance which should be attached to the statement regarding the chapter on the tomb of Queen Khnem-nefert, but M.

Naville considers the chapter in question one of the oldest in the Book of the Dead. A bas-relief of the second dynasty bears an inscription dedicating to the shade of a certain priest the formula of the "thousand loaves of bread, thousands of jugs of ale," and so forth, so common in later times.

We thus see that years B. This passage would appear to justify the text of the sarcophagus of the wife of Mentu-hetep. A few centuries later, about the time of Seneferu, c.

Victorious wars had brought much wealth to Egypt, and its inhabitants were better able to meet the very considerable expenditure entailed upon them by one of the most expensive cults known to the history of religion.

In the reign of Men-kau-Ra a revision of certain parts of the text of the Book of the Dead appears to have been undertaken. The authority for this is the rubrics attached to certain chapters which state that they were found inscribed upon a block of alabaster in letters of lapis-lazuli in the time of that monarch.

We do not find a text comprising the Book of the Dead as a whole until the reign of Unas, B. The stone walls were covered with texts extremely difficult of decipherment, because of their archaic character and spelling, among them.

Continuing his excavations at Saqqarah, Maspero made his way into the pyramid of Teta, B. Additional texts were found in the tomb of Pepi I, B. From this it will be seen that before the close of the sixth dynasty five copies of a series of texts, forming the Book of the Dead of that period, are in evidence, and, as has been observed, there is substantial proof that its ceremonial was in vogue in the second, and probably in the first, dynasty.

Its texts continued to be copied and employed until the second century of the Christian era. It would appear that each chapter of the Book of the Dead had an independent origin, and it is probable that their inclusion and adoption into the body of the work were spread over many centuries, It is possible that some of the texts reflect changes in theological opinion, but each chapter stands by itself.

It would seem, however, that there was a traditional order in the sequence of the chapters. There were three recensions or versions of the Book of the Dead --the Heliopolitan, the Theban, and the Saite.

The Heliopolitan Recension was edited by the priests of the College of Anu, Or On, known to the Greeks as Heliopolis, and was based upon texts not now recoverable.

The Pyramids of Unas, Teta, and Pepi contain the original texts of this recension, which represent the theological system introduced by the priests of Ra.

The essentials of the primitive Egyptian religion are, however, retained, the only modification in them being the introduction of the solar doctrine of Ra.

In later times the priesthood of Ra were forced to acknowledge the supremacy of Osiris, and this theological defeat is visible in the more modern texts.

Between the sixth and eleventh dynasties the priests of On edited a number of fresh chapters from time to time. The Thebas Recension was much in vogue from the eighteenth to the twenty-second dynasties, and was usually written upon papyri and painted upon coffins in hieroglyphs.

Each chapter was preserved distinct from the others, but appears to have had no distinct place in the entire collection.

The Saite Recension was definitely arranged at some date prior to the twenty-sixth dynasty, and is written upon coffins and papyri, and also in hieratic and demotic script.

It continued to be employed to the end of the Ptolemaic period. As we have previously noticed, the Book of the Dead was for their use from the moment when they found themselves inhabitants of the other world.

The region to which the dead departed, the primitive Egyptians called Duat. They believed it to be formed of the body of Osiris.

It was regarded as dark and gloomy, containing pits of fire and dreadful monsters which circled the earth, and was in its turn, bounded by a river and a lofty chain of mountains.

The part of it that was nearest to Egypt was regarded as a description of mingled desert and forest, through which the soul of the deceased might not hope to struggle unless guided by some benevolent spirit who knew the paths through this country of despair.

Thick darkness covered everything, and under the veil of this, the hideous inhabitants of the place practised all. But there was one delectable part in this horrid region--the Sekhet Hetepet, the Elysian fields which contained the Sekhet Aaru, or the Field of Reeds, where dwelt the god Osiris and his company.

At first he had domain over this part of the Duat alone, but gradually he succeeded in extending it over the entire country of the dead, of which he was monarch.

We find also a god of the Duat named Duati, but who appears to have been more a personification of the region than anything else.

Now the wish of all good men was to win to the kingdom of Osiris, and to that end they made an exhaustive study of the prayers and ritual of the Book of the Dead , in order that they might the more easily penetrate to the region of bliss.

This they might reach by two ways--by land and by water. The path by water was no whit less dreadful than that by land, the passage of the soul being barred by streams of fire and boiling water, and the banks of the rivers navigated were populous with evil spirits.

A hymn of praise to Ra when he riseth upon the horizon, and when he getteth in the land of life. Osiris, the scribe Ani saith:. Thou goest forth to thy setting in the Sektet boat with--fair--winds, and thy heart is glad; the heart of the Mater boat rejoiceith.

Thou stridest over the heavens in peace, and all thy foes are cast down; the never-resting stars sing hymns of praise unto thee, and the stars which rest, and the stars which never fail glorify thee as thou sinkest to rest in the horizon of Manu, O thou who art beautiful at morn and at eve, O thou lord who livest and art established, O my lord!

Tem when thou settest--in--beauty. Thou risest and shinest on the back of thy mother--Nut,--O thou who art crowned king of the gods!

Nut doeth homage unto thee, and everlasting and. Thou stridest over the heaven, being glad of heart, and the Lake of Testes is content--thereat The Sebau Fiend hath fallen to the ground; his arms and his hands have been hacked off, and the knife hath severed the joints of his body.

Ra hath a fair wind; the Sektet boat goeth forth and sailing along it cometh into port. The gods of the south and of the north, of the west and of the east, praise thee, O thou divine substance, from whom all forms of life come into being.

Thou sendest forth the word, and the earth is flooded with silence, O thou only One, who didst dwell in heaven before ever the earth and the mountains came into existence.

O runner, O Lord, O only One, thou maker of things which are, thou hast fashioned the tongue of the company of the gods, thou hast produced whatsoever cometh forth from the waters, and thou springest up from them over the flooded land of the Lake of Horus.

Let me snuff the air which cometh forth from thy nostrils, and the nostrils, and the north wind which cometh forth from thy mother--Nut O, make thou to be glorious my shining form--khu--, O Osiris, make thou to be divine my soul--ba--!

Shine thou with the rays of light upon my body day by day,--upon me--, Osiris the scribe, the teller of the divine offerings of all the gods, the overseer of the granary of the lords of Abtu-Abydos--, the royal scribe in truth who loveth thee; Ani, victorious in peace.

Isis embraceth thee in peace, and she driveth away the fiends from the mouth of thy path. Thou turnest thy face upon Amentet, and thou makest the earth to shine as with refined copper.

Those who have lain down, i. In one of the tombs of the New Stone Age was found a flint instrument which, as we know from inscriptions of the dynastic period, was used in performing the ceremony of "opening the mouth" of the dead, a fact that proves that even in the Old Stone Age a ceremony was performed on the dead body with the purpose of assisting the soul, or spirit, to acquire the faculties and powers needed by it in the other world.

In this ceremony the flint instrument was thrust between the teeth of the dead man, and when these were separated his spirit form was believed.

Moreover, may Thoth, being filled and furnished with charms, come And loose the bandages, even the bandages of Set which fetter my mouth; and may the god.

May my mouth be opened, may my mouth be unclosed by Shu with his iron knife wherewith he opened the mouths of the gods. I am the goddess Sekhet, and I sit upon --my--place in the great wind?

I am the great goddess Sah who dwelleth among the Souls of Annu--Heliopolis Now as concerning every charm and all the words which may be spoken against me, may the gods resist them, and may each and every one of the company of the gods withstand them.

The Osiris Ani, triumphant, saith:. Grant thou that my soul may come unto me from wheresoever it may be. If--it--would tarry, let then my soul be brought unto me from wherever it may be, for thou shalt find the Eye of Horns standing by thee like unto those beings who are like unto Osiris, and who.

Let not the Osiris Ani, triumphant, lie down in death among those who lie down in Annu, the land wherein souls are joined unto their bodies even in thousands.

Let me have possession of my ba--soul--, and of my khu, and let me triumph therewith in every place wheresoever it may be. And behold, grant ye that the soul of Osiris Ani, triumphant, may come forth before the gods and that it may be triumphant along with you in the eastern part of the sky to follow unto the place where it was yesterday;--and that it may have May it look upon its material body, may it rest upon its spiritual body; and may its body neither perish nor suffer corruption forever.

These words are to be said over a soul of gold inlaid with precious stones and placed on the breast of Osiris. The chapter of driving evil recollections from the mouth.

The overseer of the palace, the chancellor-in-chief, Nu, triumphant, the son of the overseer of the palace, the chancellor-in-chief, Amen-hetep, triumphant, saith:.

Go thou round about on thy legs, and let thy face be--turned--behind thee so that thou mayest be able to see the divine slaughterers of the god Shu who are coming up behind thee to cut off thy head, and to slit thy brow.

Work thou for me so that the memory of evil things shall dart from my mouth; let not my head be cut off; let not my brow be slit; and let not my mouth be shut fast by reason of the incantations which thou hast within thee, according to that which thou doest for the Khus through the incantations which they have within themselves.

Get thee back and depart at the--sound of--the two speeches which the goddess Isis uttered when thou didst come to cast the recollection of evil things unto the.

And Osiris went back, for the abomination of thee was in him; and thou didst go back, for the abomination of him is in thee.

I have gone back, for the abomination of thee is in me; and thou shalt go back, for the abomination of me is in thee. The chapter of not letting the soul of Nu, triumphant, be captive in the underworld.

O thou mighty one of Souls, thou divine Soul, thou possessor of terrible power, who dost put the fear of thyself into the gods, thou who art crowned upon thy throne of majesty, I pray thee to make a way for the ba--soul--, and for the khu, and the khaibit--shade--of the overseer of the palace, the chancellor-in-chief, Nu, triumphant--and let him be--provided therewith.

I am a perfect khu, and I have made--my--way unto the place wherein dwell Ra and Hathor. If this chapter be known--by the deceased--he shall be able to transform himself into a khu provided--with his soul and with his shade--in the underworld, and he shall never be held captive at any door in Amentet, in entering in or in coming out.

The chapter of opening the tomb of the soul--and--to the shade of Osiris the scribe Nebseni, the lord of reverence, born of the lady of the house, Mut-restha, triumphant, so that he may come forth by day and have dominion over his fleet.

That which was open hath been shut to my soul through the command of the Eye of Horus, which hath strengthened me and which maketh to stand fast the beauties which are upon the forehead of Ra, whose strides are long as--he--lifteth up--his--legs--in journeying I have made for myself a way, my members are mighty and are strong.

I am Horus the avenger of his divine father. I am he who bringeth along his divine father, and who bringeth along his mother by means of his sceptre?

Grant that the eye of Horus, which maketh the. Oh, keep not captive my soul, Oh, keep not ward over my shade, but let a way be opened for my soul--and--and for my shade, and let--them--see the Great God in the shrine on the day of the judgment of souls, and let--them--recite the utterances of Osiris, whose habitations are hidden, to those who guard the members of Osiris, and who keep ward over the Khus, and who hold captive the shades of the dead who would work evil against me, so that they shall--not--work evil against me.

May a way for thy double--Ka--along with thee and along with--thy--soul be prepared by those who keep ward over the members of Osiris, and who bold captive the shades of the dead.

Heaven shall--not--keep thee, the earth shall--not--hold thee captive, thou shalt not have they being with the divine beings who make slaughter, but thou shalt have dominion over thy legs, and thou shalt advance to thy body straightway in the earth--and to--those who belong to the shrine and guard the members of Osiris.

The chapter of not sailing to the east in the underworld. The chancellor-in-chief, Nu, triumphant, saith:.

I am stronger than the strong, I am mightier than the mighty. If I sail away or if I be snatched away to the east through the two horns," or--as others say--"if any evil and abominable thing be done unto me at the feast of the devils, the phallus of Ra shall be swallowed up,--along with--the head of Osiris.

And behold me, for I journey along over the fields wherein the gods mow down those who make reply unto--their words--; now verily the two horns of the god Khepera shall be thrust aside, and verily pus shall spring into being in the eye of Tem along with corruption if I be kept in restraint, or if I have gone toward the east, or if the feast of devils be made in my presence, or if any malignant wound be inflicted upon me.

The chapter of being nigh unto Thoth and of giving glory unto a man in the underworld. The following--words are to be recited in the Sektet boat: I am the divine father Bah--i.

Behold ye me, then, O great gods of majesty who dwell among the Souls of Annu, for I am lifted up over you.

I am the god Menkh--i. Verily I have cleansed my soul, O great god of majesty, set not before me the evil obstacles which issue from thy mouth, and let not destruction come round about me, or upon me.

I have made myself clean in the Lake of making to be at peace,--and in the Lake of--weighing in the balance, and I have bathed myself in Netert-utchat, which is under the holy sycamore tree of heaven.

Behold--I am--bathed,--and I have--triumphed--over--all--mine enemies--straightway who come forth and rise up against right and truth.

I am right and true in earth. I, even I, have spoken? Let not injury be inflicted upon me,--but let me be--clothed on the day of those who go forward?

I have stood up over thee when thou didst rise like a god. I have seen thee, and I have not lain down in death; I have stood over thee, and I have risen like a god.

I have cackled like a goose, and I have alighted like a hawk by the divine clouds and by the great dew. I have journeyed from the earth to heaven.

The god Shu--made--me to stand up, the god of Light hath made me to be vigorous by the two sides of the ladder, and the stars which never rest set--me--on--my--way and bring--me--away from slaughter.

I bring along with me the things which drive back calamities as I advance over the passage of the god Pen; thou comest, how great art thou, O god Pen!

I have come from the Pool of Flame which is in. Hail, thou god Kaa, who dost bring those things which are in the boats by the. I stand up in the boat and I guide myself--over--the water: I have stood up in the boat and the god hath guided me.

I have stood up. I sail round about as I go forward, and the gates which are in Sekhem--Letopolis--are opened unto me, and fields are awarded unto me in the city of Unni--Hermopolis--, and laborers?

The chapter of protecting the boat of Ra. Hail, Ra, in thy name of Ra, if thou dost pass by those who are overturned in death, then verily do thou make the Osiris, Nu, triumphant, the perfect soul, to stand up upon his feet, and may thy strength be his strength.

Hail, Ra, in thy name of Ra, if the hidden things of the underworld are opened unto thee and thou dost gratify? Thy members, O Ra, are established by--this--Chapter?

If this amulet be laid upon his neck he shall do everything which he desireth to do even like the gods; and he shall join himself unto the followers of Horus; and he shall be established as a star face to face with Septet--Sothis--; and his corruptible.

The things which are an abomination unto thee and the things which are an abomination unto me I will not eat, that which is an abomination unto me, that which is an abomination unto me is filth and I will not eat thereof; but sepulchral offerings and holy food--will I eat--, and I shall not be overthrown thereby.

I will not draw nigh unto filth with my hands, and I will not walk thereon with my sandals, because my bread--is made--of white barley, and. Hymns of praise be to thee.

O Ur-arit-s, as thou travellest through heaven!

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